23 March 2022

Legal and practical guide for people leaving Ukraine to the Czech Republic

  • Briefing

The information is valid as of 23 March 2022.
As the situation is evolving rapidly, we recommend following nasiukrajinci.cz, website which should contain up to date information, including the information on the humanitarian help.

Under what conditions are persons fleeing from Ukraine allowed to enter the Czech Republic?

All persons fleeing from Ukraine with a valid biometric passport can now enter the Czech Republic. Those without a biometric passport cannot be guaranteed that they will be permitted to cross the Czech or EU external border. However, current practice at the EU external border is that any ID with a photograph is accepted. It is recommended to have all available documents proving a person’s identity. No further conditions apply; specifically, all Covid-19 related travel restrictions have been lifted in this regard.

Within 30 days of arrival, Ukrainian citizens must register with the police (see below).

Registration should primarily be carried out at the Regional Centres for Help and Assistance to Ukraine, so called “KACPU”. These centres provide for registration of Ukrainian citizens with the police and further assistance in connection with residence in the Czech Republic (accommodation, etc.).

The list of Regional Centres for Help and Assistance can be found here.

A summary with important contact details can be found here:

How long may persons fleeing from Ukraine stay in the Czech Republic without any permit?

Foreigners may stay in the Czech Republic for 90 days (within any rolling 180-day period) under the visa-free regime. If they are staying in private accommodation, they must register with the police; otherwise, the accommodation provider will register them.

Czech Republic grants temporary protection to foreigners who prove that on 24 February 2022 they were holders of a valid permanent residence permit on the territory of Ukraine and their departure to the state of which they are citizens is not possible due to the threat of real danger. Foreigner granted temporary protection is considered to hold a visa for a stay of more than 90 days.

More information regarding registration, including the relevant form, can be found here.

Is there any way to extend a stay?

A temporary protection can be applied for after arrival in the Czech Republic. The application must be submitted in the Czech Republic, at KACPU.

Valid travel document (if the applicant has one) must be presented and a photograph (45 x 35 mm) is recommended.

If no document of identity is available, it is necessary to contact the Embassy of Ukraine in the Czech Republic to confirm the nationality.

Ukrainian citizens who have applied for another residence permit (for example an employee card) deal with residency issues at Ministry of the Interior (Department for Asylum and Migration Policy).

It is important to report any changes of residence.

Foreigners who have already obtained a special long-term visa will be automatically transferred to the temporary protection regime.

A foreigner granted temporary protection has access to public health insurance, education, free access to the labour market and the right to other assistance, such as accommodation.

Temporary protection lasts for up to 1 year, but no longer than 31 March 2023.

In case of any questions please turn to Ministry of the Interior hotline: + 420 974 801 802 (non-stop)

Temporary protection application form

Report a change of residence

Are there any special means of transportation available?

The Czech national railway carrier České dráhy (“ČD”) announced that from 24 February 2022 until further notice, passengers who identify themselves with a Ukrainian passport can travel free of charge on all ČD trains throughout the Czech Republic. They may do so without a seat reservation on reservation-only trains. All train connection by ČD can be found here.

ČD also runs humanitarian trains to and from the Ukrainian-Polish and Ukrainian-Slovak borders; for specific information, ČD recommends following its Twitter account, which also provides information about these trains in English and Ukrainian.

When travelling by car in the Czech Republic, a vignette is required for highways. It can also be purchased electronically, with information in English or Russian, here.

The Prague municipal authority as well as Central Bohemia Region provide free public transport to Ukrainian citizens. Other local authorities and service providers could join them in offering services for free. For example, Vodafone and T-Mobile currently provide free calls to Ukraine.

Regions providing free public transport for Ukrainians are Central Bohemia Region, Liberec Region, Ústí nad Labem Region and South Bohemia Region (buses and trains – ČD, GW Train).

Cities that provide free public transport include e. g. Prague, Pilsen, Brno, Ostrava, Karlovy Vary, Hradec Králové, Ústí nad Labem, Liberec, Jihlava, České Budějovice, Frýdek-Místek, Most, Zlín, Děčín, Chomutov, Litvínov, Strakonice, Jablonec nad Nisou, Jirkov.

Arriva Transport provides free public transport service for passengers and their children passengers who identify themselves with Ukrainian passport on all trains, regardless of their category.

Is accommodation provided?

We advise visiting Regional Centres for Help and Assistance to Ukraine (see above) or calling the Ministry of the Interior hotline: + 420 974 801 802.

It is also possible to visit the Humanitarian Registration Centre Vyšní Lhoty, address: Vyšní Lhoty 234, 739 51, where further assistance will be provided.

Another option is to directly contact the Embassy of Ukraine in Prague, which helps arrange accommodation for persons fleeing from Ukraine. For more information, visit https://czechia.mfa.gov.ua/cs.

Alternatively, we advise contacting the Refugees Welcome non-profit organisation, which finds accommodation for refugees. To contact them, a form in English must be filled out here.

Buying or renting a property in the Czech Republic is always an option, including via Czech online platforms such as https://www.sreality.cz/ or others.

Is health care provided?

Health insurance is required for a stay in the Czech Republic.

Persons already employed here are legally covered by public health insurance.

If a temporary protection is granted, holder will automatically be enrolled in public health insurance paid by the Czech Republic. It is then necessary to visit an office of the VZP ČR (General Health Insurance Company of the Czech Republic), where replacement insurance cards are issued (also available at the KACPU).

The list of offices of the VZP ČR is available here.

Foreigners who have been granted temporary protection are automatically considered to be legally covered by public health insurance as well beginning 30 days prior to the granting of temporary protection.

A child born in the Czech Republic to a foreigner is considered to be legally covered by public health insurance for up to 60 days from the date of birth.

For more information, contact the Ministry of Health helpline on 226 20 1221 and then dial 8; this line also provides information in Ukrainian, or visit the Ministry of Health website here.

Under what conditions may persons fleeing from Ukraine work in the Czech Republic?

Foreigners granted temporary protection have free access to the labour market for the period of temporary protection. No work permission, employment card or prior notification of vacant position by the employer is required. However, employers still have other standard information and registration obligations.

Foreigners registered as jobseekers will be granted unemployment benefits and will be provided with unemployment support for a supporting period, if they meet the conditions set out in the Employment Act.

Where can I look for a job?

We recommend visiting Regional Centres for Help and Assistance to Ukraine (see above), Regional Employment Office (Krajská pobočka Úřadu práce) and websites such as https://www.jobs.cz/ (CZE/EN language), https://www.jenprace.cz/ (CZE language), https://www.prace.cz/ (CZE language).

What is the minimum salary in the Czech Republic?

The minimum gross monthly salary for a full-time job is currently CZK 16,200 (approx. EUR 645) and the minimum gross hourly salary is CZK 96.40 (EUR 3.85). It is important to bear in mind, however, that there are eight levels of job difficulty in Czech Republic, and these figures correspond to the least difficult work (level 1). The most difficult jobs (level 8) come with a minimum gross monthly salary of CZK 32,400 (EUR 1,295), and the minimum gross hourly salary in such a case is CZK 192.80 (EUR 7.70).

More information about the minimum salary can be found here.

What about international diplomas or other professional qualifications?

The process of officially recognising a Ukrainian diploma or professional qualification is carried out by the Czech Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports. More information on the process can be found here.

The acceptance of an application for recognition of foreign university education and proof of foreign university education is exempt from the administrative fee for foreigners granted temporary protection.

Are there any special rules on education?

Public schools provide primary and secondary education free of charge. The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports established a special methodology for integrating Ukrainian children in existing schools and kindergartens in the Czech Republic.

Kindergartens: For the 2022/23 school year, applications for admission may be made from 2 to 16 May 2022, either in writing or in person. Proof of identity of the child and legal representative is required (visa or similar document is acceptable). With the exception of children in compulsory pre-school education, a doctor's certificate of vaccination is required.

Compulsory pre-school education applies to foreigners who are entitled to stay in the Czech Republic permanently or temporarily for more than 90 days (including temporary protection).

However, no kindergarten is obliged to admit a child during the school year. Moreover, children beyond the capacity registered in the school register cannot be admitted to pre-school education.

Application for admission of a child to kindergarten can be found here.

Primary schools: Compulsory school attendance applies to foreigners who are entitled to stay in the Czech Republic permanently or temporarily for more than 90 days (including temporary protection); and to children born from 1 September 2006 to 31 August 2015. As there are more important matters to deal with after arriving in the Czech Republic, it is assumed that it is not necessary to start compulsory school attendance for the first 3 months of their stay.

The legal representative applies to the school principal for admission in writing or in person. Proof of identity of the child and legal representative is required (visa or similar document is acceptable). The school may require proof of (actual) residence. The decision to place a student in a particular year level is made by the school principal.

Children beyond the capacity registered in the school register cannot be admitted.

Enrolment in primary schools for the school year 2022/23 will take place from 1 to 30 April 2022.

Application for admission to primary education can be found here.

High schools and Trade schools: Applicants who have completed compulsory schooling or have completed a level of primary education may be admitted to secondary education. Documents proving previous education may be replaced by an affidavit. The decision to place a student in a particular year level is made by the school principal.

The deadline for foreigners to submit an application for admission to highschool education ending with a “maturita” exam is extended to 5 April 2022, and for education without a “maturita” exam (trade schools) to 8 April 2022.

Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports - FAQ can be found here.

Is there any possibility of financial assistance?

A foreigner with temporary protection is paid a humanitarian allowance of CZK 5 000. If the foreigner does not have the means to provide the basic necessities of life, a benefit of CZK 5 000 per month may be paid repeatedly subject to request for a maximum of five calendar months after the calendar month in which the temporary protection was granted.

The benefit can be paid by a wire transfer to a bank account or in cash.

Most domestic banks have prepared benefits for Ukrainians, such as simplified conditions for opening an account or free account maintenance.

More information can be found at the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs website; the information leaflet is in Czech and Ukrainian.

The Czech version can be found here.

The Ukrainian version can be found here.

What to do if travelling with a pet?

Because of the exceptional circumstances in Ukraine, the State Veterinary Administration has simplified the entry conditions for dogs, cats, and pet ferrets accompanying their owners/other persons fleeing from Ukraine. Everything can be arranged in the Czech Republic.

Veterinary conditions for of the importation of pets from Ukraine to the Czech Republic because of exceptional circumstances can be found here:

An information form on pets originating from Ukraine can be found here:

If you are travelling with another animal (typically a horse), you must apply for an exemption using this form.

Useful Links

Contacts

Ministry of Interior helpline for Ukrainian citizens (in Czech and Ukrainian)

Ukrainian Embassy in the Czech Republic

  • +420 227 020 200
  • +420 227 020 204

Information for Czech citizens in Ukraine and Ukrainian citizens in the Czech Republic (Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic)

  • +380 673 749 701 (Consulate General Lviv)
  • +420 222 264 234 (Czech)

Charity CZ

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