RED alert - Spring 2021 – 2 / 6 观点
The Debt Respite Scheme (Breathing Space Moratorium and Mental Health Crisis Moratorium) (England and Wales) Regulations 2020 (the Regulations) are effective from 4 May 2021. Whilst this will provide residential tenants with additional procedural protection in respect of rent arrears, this will be an unwelcome additional hurdle to landlords.
The Regulations apply generally to individual debtors living or residing in England & Wales. However, this article focuses on the implications for rent debts owed by residential tenants. Two types of legal protections from landlord creditors are created - a "standard breathing space" moratorium and a "mental health crisis breathing space" moratorium.
In order to apply for a standard breathing space moratorium, a tenant must apply to and seek debt advice from a debt adviser. The debt adviser will review an application and assess whether they consider that the tenant debtor is unable, or is unlikely to be able, to repay some or all of their debt as it falls due.
If the application is successful, the tenant debtor will benefit from legal protections from creditor action for up to 60 days (although this must be reviewed by the debt adviser between day 26 to 35). Once the 60 days has expired, a further application cannot be made for another 12 months.
The effect of the moratorium is that landlord creditors will be unable to:
The moratorium does not prevent landlords from serving a notice pursuant to section 21 of the Housing Act 1988 or commencing/continuing possession proceedings based on a section 21 notice. However, it is assumed that landlords will not be able to seek to recover rent arrears from a tenant debtor as part of those proceedings whilst a breathing space moratorium is in place.
In order to apply for a mental health crisis breathing space moratorium, the same requirements apply as a standard breathing space moratorium but the tenant debtor must also be receiving mental health crisis treatment.
A mental health crisis breathing space moratorium will end either 30 days after the tenant debtor’s mental health crisis treatment ended, or 30 days after the date a debt adviser had no response after asking for confirmation from the nominated point of contact about a debtor’s ongoing mental health crisis treatment.
Landlord creditors will be notified if a tenant debtor has been granted a standard or mental health crisis breathing space moratorium. Landlord creditors can then access the breathing space register which will confirm details about the tenant debtor, including how much is owed to the landlord creditor and when the moratorium starts and end. However, they will not be able to review information about any other debts that tenant debtor may have.
Whilst the threshold required to qualify for a mental health crisis breathing space moratorium is high and therefore unlikely to be abused, there may be a large number of residential tenants who could be eligible for a standard breathing space moratorium as a result of the pandemic.
Although this is good news for tenants who may need more time to settle any rent arrears owed, this may be viewed as prolonging the inevitable by landlords as it is likely to result in a delay to any process required to obtain possession of its property and/or recover some of the rent arrears owed.
Landlords have already been affected by longer notice periods before being able to obtain possession of their property, a stay on possession proceedings and a ban on evictions. It is yet to be seen whether this additional measure will provide sufficient protection for tenants or simply result in a further hurdle for landlords.
作者 Saleem Fazal